Memory in Psychology (Part 1)

Alright before I explain the advance part of memory I'll give you guys a short summary on memory.

We first need to know about simple definition that has been used in the psychology of memory. There are three main process when it comes to memory; The encoding, storing, and retrieval. "Encoding" is a process whereby you take new information and store it into the memory. There are two general types of processes when you encode the information; "automatic processing"(mindless) and "effortful processing" (mindful). In order for us to memorize certain information, we have to do some rehearsal on the memory and there are two general types of rehearsals "maintenance rehearsal" and "elaborative rehearsal". Maintenance rehearsal is when you do a simple repetition of encoding process that you want to remember, while Elaborative rehearsal involves association, creating mnemonic device, and utilizing other cognitive technique to memorize.

According to Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) there are three distinct memory system; The sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. Below are the pattern you can see how the stages of memory works. Sensory memory is the early stage of memory, mostly last between  few seconds and involves mostly visual and auditory system. Some of this information will then be process to the Short-Term memory stage where is last longer than the sensory stage between 20-30 seconds. During this period if the memory is not rehearse is might be hard to store into the Long-Term Memory.

There is the extremely short summary on memory. Now Chill!

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